FIRE21 is a four-year-long project that investigates problem-solving in the Fire and Rescue services in the 21st century. Work package 2 is researching network-based problem-solving in the Fire and Rescue services.
In 2022 the Norwegian research group in FIRE21 has mostly been occupied with data gathering for work package 2- Benchmarking Network-Based Problem-Solving in the Fire and Rescue Services (FRS). Two out of three case studies have been conducted, and the data material consists of about 20 qualitative interviews.
The first case study was carried out in a small rural Fire and Rescue Service (FRS) in the mountains of Norway. This FRS serves a large geographic area with few inhabitants. Except for the fire chief, there are only part-time firefighters. Although there are few professional or “full-time” emergency actors, there are many informal actors in the local community to rely on to maintain a local emergency response.
Our other case was a large FRS serving both a large city and several smaller surrounding municipalities. This FRS is of interest because of the specialization and centralization required by this organization. In 2021, there was a large fire in a parking house connected to the local airport. Studying this incident has given insight into how the organization mobilizes problem-solving networks during a fire.
Several interesting themes emerged during the data collection. Here are three of the themes we want to look at in more detail.
In 2023, the third and last Norwegian case study will be conducted. It will probably involve an FRS that recently handled a landslide incident.
The data material from the three cases will be carefully analyzed. Through thorough collaboration with Sweden and Denmark to develop a common understanding of our data in a Nordic context. The result will then be presented in various scientific articles.