FIRE21 is a four-year-long project that investigates problem-solving in the Fire and Rescue services in the 21st century. Work package 2 is researching network-based problem-solving in the Fire and Rescue services.
Fire and rescue service organizations are designed to solve complex problems during incident response. Most problems that need to be solved during extreme events cannot be solved without collaboration. The horizontal relationships that emerge to solve ever-evolving problems during incident response are what we call problem-solving networks (PSN).
During 2022, the project FIRE 21 collected data to better understand how PSNs are developed and work during crises. Around 30 people from both small and large fire and rescue services in Sweden have been interviewed. We have also conducted interviews with other organizations that have been part of different emergency responses.
The data is now analyzed, but some early observations can already be made:
In 2023, FIRE21 will continue to analyze how these networks work in both theory and practice. The results will be presented in seminars as well as in scientific publications and journals for practitioners.