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Step 2. Identify hazardous substances

In Step 2, it is time to investigate if there are any hazardous chemicals to substitute in your goods. This assumes that you have collected information about the content of your goods from the suppliers, as described in Step 1.

2.1 Interpret information in documents

If your supplier has declared chemical content, note which chemicals your supplier has declared (with CAS number and name) and in what concentration. Feel free to use our Excel template contained in the support material to gather your documentation in one place. Concentrations of a chemical in your product can be crucial in a risk assessment and prioritization for further work.

Read more and download support material

Lista över relevanta begrepp att lära sig: 

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2.2 Identify health and environmental hazardous properties

There are many databases and negative lists you can use to investigate if a substance in your product is undesirable. For example, you can search for substances that are already regulated, require authorization, are "phase-out substances" or "priority risk reduction substances" according to PRIO-guidelines.

Search order suggestions in databases and lists

  1. SIN-List, "Substitute It Now", is a database created by the International Independent Chemicals Secretariat Chemsec. The list contains over 900 hazardous chemicals. The database contains a filter for chemicals which are legislated, but also on product groups and functional chemicals that are not legislated.
  2. PRIO-guide: A web tool from the Swedish Chemicals Agency that helps you prioritize substances for substitution based on two categories: phase-out substances (to be completely phased out) and priority risk reduction substances (use can be accepted after risk assessment).
  3. List of Lists: Pharos, Toxnot  & Material Wise uses around 50 global negative lists and compiles substance properties in one search. This gives you a global perspective.

More databases and lists:

  • SUBSPORT: A compiled "List-of-list" of restricted substance lists (RSLs) from industries, companies, NGOs, global agreements, etc.
  • OECDs eChemPortalDatabase with information on chemical hazards and risks from government programs worldwide. 
  • The Umwelt Bundesamt UBA, aims to protect drinking water revenue and has developed criteria for substances that are Persistent, Mobile and Toxic (PMT) and Highly Persistent and Highly Mobile (vPvM). A PDF lists 134 substances that meet or are suspected of meeting these criteria. Please note that these criteria are under discussion and are not harmonized within the EU.
  • Proposition 65: A California regulation with the goal to protect drinking water supplies from dangerous substances that can cause cancer and reproductive toxicity. The goal is to reduce the use of these substances and therefore labellng of consumer products containing the substances is required.

Tips! Contact the Swedish Centre for Chemical Substitution if you need help with which databases are relevant to your substitution question.

Anmäl SVHC-ämnen till Echa

Som tillverkare, importör eller distributör av en vara som sätts på marknaden i EU/EES måste du lämna information till SCIP-databasen hos ECHA, om din vara innehåller ett SVHC-ämne från kandidatförteckningen i en halt av minst 0,1 viktprocent. Syftet med SCIP-databasen är att säkerställa att informationen om varor som innehåller dessa farliga ämnen finns tillgänglig under varornas hela livscykel inklusive i avfallsledet, för att främja giftfria materialkretslopp. Avfallsföretag, konsumenter och andra aktörer kan sedan få tillgång till uppgifterna via SCIP-databasen.

Läs mer om SCIP-databasen hos Kemikalieinspektionen

2.3 Inspiration mot färre farliga ämnen i leverantörskedjan

Många kemikalier som används i varor och material kan skada miljön och människors hälsa. Nio av tio konsumenter i Sverige är oroade över just detta. Företag kan, och flera har redan börjat, införa frivilliga begränsningar för vilka kemikalier som får användas genom att arbeta med egna restriktionslistor. Det kan vara svårt att göra en egen lista från början, så nedan tipsar vi om 2 substitutionsverktyg som kan användas av alla. Att arbeta med kemikalier på ett ansvarsfullt sätt är inte bara viktigt för lagkraven, utan också för att skydda människors hälsa och miljön. 

    Verktyg för att hitta särskilt farliga ämnen utanför lagstiftningen ​

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    Verktyg för att hitta PFAS-ämnen

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    Exempel på kemikaliekrav:

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    2.4 Spot-check

    To monitor that your supplier has declared correct information on chemical content, you can choose to perform chemical analyses and samples. Sampling can either be taken "at random" or by selecting a priority product group, material or specific supplier.

    Tips! Contact the Swedish Centre for Chemical Substitution if you need help finding the appropriate laboratory for analysis of your product, material or chemical.

     

    Continue to step 3. Identify alternatives

    Exempel på hur du kan prioritera stickprover:
    Stora varugrupper med hög produktionsvolym
    Varor som används av känslig grupp tex. barn eller äldre med hög exponering
    Material som vi vet kan innehålla särskilt farliga kemikalier tex. plast och textil.
    Leverantörer som är nya, undviker att svara på frågor eller vars material eller varor tidigare har visat sig innehålla särskilt farliga ämnen. 
    Nina Melander

    Contact person

    Nina Melander

    Rådgivare Substitutionscentrum

    +46 10 516 52 16

    Read more about Nina

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