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Cyber Resilience for Vehicles

The introduction of autonomous and connected vehicles has brought new cybersecurity challenges to the automotive industry and put requirements on the dependability of vehicles in the presence of cyber-attacks. CyReV* focused on cybersecurity for automotive in-vehicle systems in a changing environment.

* Vinnova D-nr:2018-05013 CyReV (phase 1) and Vinnova D-nr:2019-03071 CyReV (phase 2)

Aims and goals

  • Design a reference architecture for resilient vehicles and include research around Architecture Design Principles for resilient vehicle
  • Investigate novel techniques for on-line attack analysis
  • Incorporate Machine Learning techniques for Anomaly Based Intrusion Detection Systems (IDSs) to describe normal and abnormal behaviour of traffic systems
  • Study the Defence in depth strategy for the vehicle to be able to prevent and detect cybersecurity attacks
  • Investigate post attack forensics for post attacks investigations
  • Perform interplay analyses between non-functional requirements such as safety and security
  • Propose a framework for developing vehicular Hybrid Intrusion Detection Systems
  • Identify collaborative attack response and error handling controls


Vehicular systems will always be the target for hackers, thus the ability to design for security and safety is of uttermost importance. In fact, we must design vehicles in such a way that they are able to continue to function in a malicious environment such as dealing with malicious actions from other entities. To do so, we need to detect and react to security incidents in vehicular systems.

Expected results

  • A reference architecture for resilient vehicle along with metrics to quantify/evaluate the novel design
  • In-vehicle intrusion detection system techniques suitable for the resilient architecture
  • A framework for developing Hybrid Intrusion Detection Systems that inspect multiple attack vectors
  • Data driven modelling techniques to describe normal and abnormal behaviours of the traffic systems
  • Data collection techniques as enablers for post attack investigations
  • Online collaborative techniques for attack response
  • Safe response techniques for automotive systems
  • Novel forensics techniques for vehicle to be able to understand the root cause of ongoing attacks
  • Verification and validation strategies suitable for evaluating resilient vehicles
  • Interplay analysis between safety and security in the context of vehicle resiliency


  • Utilization of results in the design of next generation vehicle architectures.
  • Providing the Swedish automotive industry with techniques, methods and tools to maintain the safety and security of modern connected and autonomous vehicles when facing threats of evolving cyberattacks.
  • Bringing together Swedish automotive players in passenger and commercial vehicles, suppliers as well as research institutes.
  • Developing a reference architecture for vehicles resilient to cyberattacks including principles, metrics and design requirements necessary to support resilience.
  • Dissemination of results in the form of arranged seminars and workshops, knowledge sharing within the consortium, scientific articles and master/PhD theses. Some of the project results will also be demonstrated using proof of concept.


Project name




RISE role in project

Participant / task leader / principal investigator

Project start


3 år (extended to 2023-12-31)

Total budget

44 696 000 SEK


Assured, Chalmers University of Technology, Combitech, RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Volvo Car Group, Volvo Technology AB


Vinnova FFI


Project members


Supports the UN sustainability goals

3. Good health and well-being
Behrooz Sangchoolie

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Behrooz Sangchoolie


+46 10 516 61 89

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