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Classification and sustainability criteria for renewable fuels

The project maps The Renewable Energy Directive (RED) to identify regarding which types of value chains there is room for interpretation and what consequences it may have. The study complements previous research by comparing RED methodology with other methods to show, for example, what incentives different methods create for resource efficiency. 

To promote increased use of sustainable fuels, the EU has introduced the Renewable Energy Directive (RED). RED includes a standardized methodology to classify and calculate greenhouse gas emissions from fuels, ensuring their sustainability. However, there are uncertainties regarding its application for certain cases, such as mixed feedstocks or integrated facilities. A key aspect of RED is enabling comparisons between different process set-ups, without room for interpretation. This project maps RED to identify value chains where different interpretations are possible and the resulting consequences for the assessment of the value chains. The study supplements previous research by comparing RED methodology with other methods, focusing on value chains that have not been studied. One aim is to highlight what incentives different methods create for resource efficiency. The aim is to make it easier for Swedish actors to assess their value chains according to RED.


Project name

Mapping of the Renewable Energy Diretive




Västra Götaland Region

RISE role in project

Project manager

Project start



Total budget

1 000 000


Swedish Energy Agency, Bio+

Project website

Project members

Supports the UN sustainability goals

13. Climate action
Karin Pettersson

Contact person

Karin Pettersson


+46 10 516 54 71

Read more about Karin

Contact Karin
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