In Sweden the rescue services responds to on average 5000 annual incidents of wildfires. Most of these are small and during the last 200 years the annual burnt area have decreased by about 99 %. However, societal and climatic trends indicate that complicated incidents are becoming more frequent in the near future.
The research at RISE focuses on risk and danger models for the spread and ignition of wildfires, on ignition of structures from wildfires and on the preparedness and response to large wildfire incidents.
RISE and SLU have assessed recent trends and patterns of wildfires during recent decades in a report published 2020, on behalf of the Swedish Civil Contingency Agency (MSB). The large incidents recent years are not only a consequence of exceptional weather leading to high fire danger but also societal trends in the response to fires, resource distribution, land use practices and strategies.
RISE and the Mid University of Sweden (Mittuniversitetet) have studied the inclusion of different types of volunteers in the response to the Västmanland fire, 2014.
Forestry machinery have initiated a number of the high impact fires in Sweden during recent decades even though they account for only a fraction of all wildfires. The characteristic of these type of fires are analysed and can be found here: Swedish, English.