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Abrasion of textiles according to SS-EN ISO 12947-2.

When we use textiles such as clothing textiles, furniture fabrics, bed textiles, work clothes, etc., these are exposed to various types of wear. Abrasion is a type of wear, which can e.g. eventually lead to that the textile breaks. Knowledge of a material's abrasion properties is helpful in assessing whether the material is sufficiently abrasion resistant for its intended use.

At our Textile Laboratory we have several Martindale machines for abrasion testing.
The method concerns testing of woven and knitted fabrics, nonwoven and pile fabrics.
The method of abrasion is covered by our accreditation according to SS-EN ISO 17025.


The method aims to analyse how durable a textile material is, i.e. the abrasion resistance for different materials.

By testing the abrasion resistance of a material, you get an indication of how durable the material is. Different applications for textile materials may require different high abrasion resistance. Therefore, in order to be able to determine whether a material is suitable for use, for example, for a shirt, such as a furniture fabric on a sofa or for work clothes, it is therefore of great benefit to have knowledge of the material's abrasion properties so that one chooses the right material for the expected life-span.


The test is performed in a Martindale apparatus where small circular specimens (about 38 mm in diameter), at least three, are inserted into a specimen holder with a standard foam behind. The sample is abraded on a circular area (about 100 mm in diameter) under load against a standard wool fabric with a standard felt behind. The abrasion motion is performed according to a specific pattern, a lissajous figure. The load is either 9 kPa or 12 kPa, depending on the area of use. The test specimens are inspected at predetermined intervals specified in the method. The end point of abrasion is different depending on the material's construction (weave, knitwear, nonwoven, material with pile etc.). The end point may be thread breakage, holes, weight loss, worn-out pile, or appearance changes of various kinds. The result is reported as the number of cycles before the end point is reached.


A report in Swedish or English with received results


Order via the contact person below or e-mail the completed order form.

Orderform_abrasion_SS-EN ISO 12947-2



Textiles - Determination of the abrasion resistance of fabrics by the Martindale method according to SS-EN ISO 12947-2

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Price on tender

Delivery time

Normal delivery time is 5-10 working days. A more accurate delivery time is stated in the order confirmation which is sent after received order and test material.


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Helena Hjärtnäs

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Helena Hjärtnäs


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