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Sizing up Hydrogen Storage

”Sizing up Hydrogen Storage” is a one-year project which focus on investigating what benefit a future expansion of hydrogen refuelling stations can have to support the electricity grid by acting as energy storage, contributing with flexibility and reducing the need for grid reinforcements.

Sweden is facing several new challenges regarding the electricity supply in the country. Not only is demand for power expected to rise due to an increasing degree of electrification and the establishment of electricity-intensive industries. The increasing share of intermittent energy also places new challenges on the grid regarding balancing production and demand in the electricity system. A possible solution to handle this development is to introduce energy storage capacity in the grid to a greater extent. Today, however, the expansion of storage capacity is limited due to the high investment cost in the technology. Hence, it is important to find new business models and approaches to enable such investments.


With this background, RISE has started a project that focuses on investigating the potential hydrogen has as energy storage to support the grid when using the storage capacity at hydrogen refuelling stations. As hydrogen-powered vehicles become more common, the number of hydrogen refuelling stations will increase. This opens up opportunities to create multiple advantages in addition to facilitate the need for transport. The question is just how big potential the technology holds? To which extent can hydrogen decrease the need for power transmission not only nationwide but also across the boarders to our neighbouring countries? Could the potential be as big enough to reduce the need for investments in grid reinforcements? By performing data simulations of the future electricity use (with regard to different development scenarios for hydrogen), the purpose of this project is to answer these questions.”



Project name

Sizing up Hydrogen Storage



RISE role in project

Project manager

Project start


1 year

Total budget

600 000 SEK

Supports the UN sustainability goals

7. Affordable and clean energy

Contact person

Ellinor Forsström


+46 10 516 55 91

Read more about Ellinor

Contact Ellinor
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