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The corner of a couch.
Photo: Ooaki living

Digital Decision Support for Refurbishment (2DSR)

Decision-making in the circular economy can be challenging due to reverse logistics and lack of readily available data. The 2DSR project will build a decision support system (DSS) for actors in the furniture sector. The machine learning tool will speed up cost estimation, classification of items and calculation of environmental impact.

Refurbishment represents a key industrial pathway in the emerging Circular Economy, however scaling up refurbishment in a way that is profitable requires firms to navigate complex decisions, slowing the transition to circular business models at the scale of individual firms, sectors, and society at-large.

This project is focused on data-driven development and secure exchange of data between process and actors. We will use machine learning to develop an image-based algorithm that supports refurbishment decisions by expediting estimations that traditionally require costly expert assessment and/or extensive resources. These estimations are enabled by data sharing among firms and organizations in the furniture value chain. Image-based estimations include (1) product classification; (2) the profit margin of refurbishment decisions; (3) relative circularity of a refurbishment decision as compared to purchasing a new product; and (4) relative environmental impact of a refurbishment decision as compared to purchasing a new product. Combined, these estimates will offer multicriteria decision support to firms while contributing to knowledge about the relationship between profitability, circularity, and climate impact. The project will also take advantage of collaboration within the furniture industry to develop scenarios that favor refurbishment instead of keeping underutilized furniture in storage or sending it to the landfill. Over time, as more industrial actors contribute data to the DSS, it will be able to support a broader range of circular decisions in the furniture industry and beyond.


Project name




RISE role in project


Project start


3 years

Total budget



Ooaki One of a Kind Living, Kinnarps, Stafe group, Eskilstuna Omlastnings Centralen


Vinnova. Avancerad och innovativ digitalisering

Project members

Supports the UN sustainability goals

9. Industry, innovation and infrastructure
12. Responsible consumption and production
13. Climate action
Robert Boyer

Contact person

Robert Boyer


+46 73 084 21 27

Read more about Robert

Contact Robert
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