By 2030, 100 cities in the EU will have become climate neutral. Nine Swedish cities are currently leading the way by signing up to national climate contracts – and there will be even more by the autumn. RISE is involved in this work on several different levels.
Most of the world’s carbon dioxide emissions occur in cities. As a result, this is also where the greatest efforts should be made when it comes to reducing emissions of CO2 and other climate-impacting gases. Within the EU, the goal is for 100 cities to be climate neutral by 2030 and for the whole of the EU to be so by 2045.
–“The measures being implemented today are not enough for us to achieve these goals. The hope is that the climate contracts will create the context that allows us to focus our efforts and achieve our goals,” says Albert Edman, focus area manager at RISE and one of RISE’s representatives in Viable Cities’ programme management.
Concrete solutions will increase the pace
The climate contracts are a collaboration between different cities, authorities and Viable Cities, where everyone commits to providing tangible solutions that will increase the rate of the climate transition. RISE is a member of the management team of Viable Cities, as well as collaborating with a number of the municipalities regarding solutions at both a strategic and an operational level.
– “We have identified four areas where the development of new knowledge is of particular interest. These involve designing climate investment plans in order to be able to finance the actions that are being taken, seeing how digital tools can be used, identifying ways of engaging citizens in the climate transition, and finally looking at forms of interaction between various levels of society, such as the state, regions and municipalities,” explains Albert Edman.
The measures being implemented today are not enough for us to achieve these goals
Contracts vary from city to city
The climate contracts vary from city to city, and are based on each city’s specific conditions. Umeå, for example, has opted to include consumption-based emissions as well, which are not usually included in the reporting.
– “The aim is to move towards carbon dioxide emissions of one tonne per inhabitant per year by 2050, rather than 11 tonnes which is currently the case in Sweden,” says Albert Edman.
Many projects are already under way. An example of this is “Sharing cities”, where Gothenburg, Malmö, Stockholm and Umeå have collaborated on various types of sharing economy services – for example, sharing bicycles, toys and leisure equipment. However, the majority of the work on the climate contracts is still being drawn up, and will also be developed and revised over time.
– “This is a long-term venture that will require enormous investments and changes. Instead of individual projects, we now need to work with portfolio strategies, where we connect various forms of funding with hundreds of different projects, both in the cities and nationally, in order to achieve the goals,” says Albert Edman.
New cities this autumn
A call was also made recently aimed at enlisting even more cities. As a result, a further ten or so cities will be signing up to the climate contract this autumn.
– “The idea is that these cities will act as forerunners and regional innovation hubs. In this way, more cities will be able to link up with them and collaborate. With the new cities being added this autumn, we anticipate covering virtually the entire country,” explains Albert Edman.
Objective: The participating cities will be climate neutral by 2030.
Participating cities: Enköping, Järfälla, Gothenburg, Stockholm, Malmö, Lund, Umeå, Uppsala and Växjö. A further ten or so cities will be invited to sign up to the climate contract in the autumn.
Other participants: The Swedish Energy Agency, Vinnova, Formas, the Swedish Agency for Economical and Regional Growth and Viable Cities.
RISE’s role: RISE sits on the management of Viable Cities and works closely with several of the participating cities regarding the transition work and a wide range of projects in this area.
Link with the EU: The Swedish climate contract is the first in Europe, and will serve as inspiration ahead of the EU’s future investment in climate-neutral cities. The conditions here are also good when it comes to applying for financial support through the EU’s Green Deal, for example.