To help stakeholders in bio-based packaging improve the consistency, quality and credibility of evaluations of the environmental impact of bio-based packaging, a review of the LCA literature will be done and relevant methods will be tested. Based on the outcomes, recommendations will be provided for decision-rules and methodologies for LCA.
To interrogate methods for evaluating life cycle environmental impacts of bio-based packaging, with a view to making recommendations on best practice. This will ensure that the full spectrum of environmental pros and cons of bio-based materials are properly considered.
The drive for a bio-based and circular economy is a strong platform for bio-based packaging. However, a lack of clear and consistent guidance for environmental evaluation of bio-based products and gaps in existing LCA methods may disadvantage these materials by failing to fully encompass some of their environmental benefits.
The team will undertake an independent review of the literature and test the methods for various environmental parameters most relevant to bio-based packaging. Based on the outcomes, we will provide recommendations for a robust set of decision-rules and methodologies for the life cycle evaluation of bio-based packaging.